Computer Study

Python Data Types

Built-in Data Types

In programming, data type is an important concept.

Variables can store data of different types, and different types can do different things.

Python has the following data types built-in by default, in these categories:

Text Type: str
Numeric Types: intfloatcomplex
Sequence Types: listtuplerange
Mapping Type: dict
Set Types: setfrozenset
Boolean Type: bool
Binary Types: bytesbytearraymemoryview
None Type: NoneType

Getting the Data Type

You can get the data type of any object by using the type() function:

Example Get your own Python Server

Print the data type of the variable x:

x = 5
print(type(x))

Setting the Data Type

In Python, the data type is set when you assign a value to a variable:

Example Data Type
x = “Hello World” str
x = 20 int
x = 20.5 float
x = 1j complex
x = [“apple”, “banana”, “cherry”] list
x = (“apple”, “banana”, “cherry”) tuple
x = range(6) range
x = {“name” : “John”, “age” : 36} dict
x = {“apple”, “banana”, “cherry”} set
x = frozenset({“apple”, “banana”, “cherry”}) frozenset
x = True bool
x = b”Hello” bytes
x = bytearray(5) bytearray
x = memoryview(bytes(5)) memoryview
x = None NoneType

 

Setting the Specific Data Type

If you want to specify the data type, you can use the following constructor functions:

Example Data Type
x = str(“Hello World”) str
x = int(20) int
x = float(20.5) float
x = complex(1j)
x = list((“apple”, “banana”, “cherry”)) list
x = tuple((“apple”, “banana”, “cherry”)) tuple
x = range(6) range
x = dict(name=”John”, age=36) dict
x = set((“apple”, “banana”, “cherry”)) set
x = frozenset((“apple”, “banana”, “cherry”)) frozenset
x = bool(5) bool
x = bytes(5) bytes
x = bytearray(5) bytearray
x = memoryview(bytes(5)) memoryview

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